Combining treatment with nutrition will bring about the effectiveness of treating tuberculosis. However, most people with pulmonary tuberculosis do not know what a good diet is, what supplements are needed, and what foods are limited. Below is useful information about nutrition for pulmonary tuberculosis patients.
1. Nutrition principles for tuberculosis patients
When attacked by bacteria, tuberculosis, lung of infected patients, causing fatigue, continuous coughing, weakening resistance, declining immunity causing anorexia, lack of substance Nutrition leads to weight loss. Therefore, focusing on improving the nutrition of people with pulmonary tuberculosis will help increase the effectiveness of treatment and recover patients quickly.
There are three things to note after building a diet for tuberculosis patients:
Energy intake depends on the condition, that is, must match the BMI of the patient. If thin, need to eat more to achieve a BMI above 18.5. If the patient’s condition is normal, the amount of food intake will not change.
Dietary foods need a full range of 4 food groups: sugar, protein, vitamins and minerals. Besides giving priority to the amount of sugar in the main fruit to detoxify the liver, limiting side effects of the drug.
The food for people with pulmonary tuberculosis needs to be diverse to be easily absorbed, full of nutrients, creating a stimulation of eating by patients who are prone to anorexia due to the side effects of drugs for treating tuberculosis.
2. Foods for people with pulmonary tuberculosis
2.1 What does tuberculosis eat better?
Patients with pulmonary tuberculosis should prioritize supplementing with minerals including:
Zinc: due to the side effects of drugs used to treat tuberculosis in patients causing zinc deficiency leading to anorexia, impaired immune system. Patients should choose zinc-rich foods such as seafood, peas, chicken egg yolks, lean pork …
Iron: Patients with pulmonary tuberculosis often suffer from anemia due to iron deficiency, reducing resistance, susceptible to bacterial and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the iron supplementation of shiitakes, chicken egg yolks, beef, liver, …
The system of vitamins A, C, E, K, group B … helps strengthen the immune system for the body, avoiding oxidation, more severe infections. Chicken, pork, beef, sea fish, beans, potatoes, bananas, … are foods rich in these vitamins, tuberculosis patients should prioritize supplementation.
2.2 What is fasting tuberculosis?
Hot spicy foods, such as canola powder, ginger, chili because these types will make the cough worse and last longer, even leading to bloody sputum.
Do not drink alcohol, stimulants, caffeine, strong tea, do not smoke because TB patients are prone to prolonged fever, neurological disorders and sweating, especially reducing the effect. Treatment and increased side effects of the drug.
The nutrition of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis should also be consulted by the treating physician directly, because the doctor is the one who knows the situation best and has the most reliable advice for diet and treatment. Effective disease.